No study of the modern exploration of ancient Egypt is complete without his extraordinary work. Once a circus strongman, trained as an engineer, he spent many years on the Nile in Egypt and Nubia studying the ancient ruins and shipping antiquities back to Europe. Though once considered a tomb robber, recent re-evaluations of Belzoni have given him credit for his remarkably keen powers of observation and, for the Victorian period, careful excavation methods and recording.

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